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5 essentials applications audio included in Ubuntu.

MOC: Music On Console.

MOC (Music On Console) is a full-screen player designed to be powerful and easy to use.

Supported file formats are: MP3, OGG Vorbis, FLAC, WAVE, SPEEX, Musepack (MPC), AIFF, AU, WMA (and other less popular formats supported by libsndfile). New formats support is under development.


Other features: simple mixer, colour themes, searching the menu (the playlist or a directory) like M-s in Midnight Commander, the way MOC creates titles from tags is configurable, optional character set conversion for file tags using iconv(), OSS or ALSA output.


Latest release stable: 2.4.4

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MMA (Musical Midi Accompaniment generator).

Musical MIDI Accompaniment is an accompaniment generator--it creates midi tracks for a soloist to perform over from a user supplied file containing chords and MMA directives.

MMA is very versatile and generates excellent tracks. It comes with an extensive user-extendable library with a variety of patterns for various popular rhythms, detailed user manuals, and several demo songs.

MMA is a command line driven program. It creates MIDI files which are then played by a sequencer or MIDI file play program.

MMA is written in Python. You'll need version 2.4.0 or greater of Python for MMA to work.

MMA is currently in BETA. We are looking for lots of help in debugging the program, creating songs for distribution, and new and improved library files.

There are lots of other generators like MMA. The most popular are "Band In A Box" and "Jammer". The problem with many of these programs is that they lock you into a proprietary format, work only with limited computing platforms, or insist on a silly GUI which limits your choices. You might think that the lack of a GUI is limiting, but we've found that MMA's method gives you a great deal of flexibility in setting volumes, patterns, etc.


MMA creates midi tracks for a soloist to perform over from a user supplied file containing chords and MMA directives.

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MkCUE, Generates a CUE sheet from a CD.

mkcue generates CUE sheets from a CD TOC (Table Of Contents).


It is a perfect companion for abcde to generate backups of your audio CDs using the FLAC codec and the single track option.


Options:
-t track count
Exclude tracks above the given number. Useful for CDs with data tracks.
device
Device path to scan the CDROM drive. mkcue defaults to /dev/cdrom.

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Moodbar: Analysis program for creating a colorful visual representation of an audio file.


The Moodbar is an algorithm for creating a colorful visual representation of the contents of an audio file, giving an idea of its "mood" (this is a rather fanciful term for the simple analysis it actually does). The Moodbar was invented by Gavin Wood and Simon O'Keefe for inclusion in the Amarok music player.


This package contains a GStreamer plugin with elements that are used in the moodbar analysis, and an application that actually does the analysis.


Moodbar is a computer visualization used for navigating within a piece of music. This is done with a horizontal bar that is divided into vertical stripes. Each stripe has a colour showing the "mood" within a short part of the song. The colour can depend on spectrum and/or rhythmic features of the part of the song. The parts of the song (intro, choruses, solos, accents etc.) as well as musical changes (dynamics, rhythm, texture, playing instruments) are clearly visible on the bar.

Moodbar was originally presented by Gavin Wood and Simon O’Keefe in their paper On Techniques for Content-Based Visual Annotation to Aid Intra-Track Music Navigation. Moodbar has been implemented for Amarok musicplayer, Exaile musicplayer and the gjay playlist creator.

As of 2008, the default implementation of Amarok's moodbar only uses the spectral content of the current section of the track. It calculates the energy in the low, medium, and high frequency bands, and turns this into the amount of red, green, and blue in the corresponding stripe. Each moodbar file is 1000 samples long, which corresponds to roughly 4-5 samples every second, for a typical 3-4 minute long song. This is not useful for telling anything about the rhythm of a song, but it is sometimes possible to guess where different instruments are playing. This can be useful for spotting verse, chorus, verse structure, and breaks in the music.

Because all moodbars are normalised to the same length, any information that might be contained within the visual texture of the bar can be very misleading, as short tracks will be displayed with greater detail.

Moodbar can integrate with Exaile by script


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Moosic daemon/client combo to easily queue music files for playing.


Moosic is a music player that focuses on easy playlist management. It consists of a server process that maintains a queue of music files to play and a client program which sends commands to the server.

The server continually runs through its playlist, popping items off the top of the list and playing each with an external program. The client is a simple command-line utility which allows you to perform powerful operations upon the server's queue, including the addition of whole directory trees, automatic shuffling, and item removal according to regular expressions. The server comes configured to play MP3, Ogg, MIDI, MOD, and WAV files.

Moosic Player Deamon simply runs in the background playing music from its playlist. Client programs communicate with MPD to manipulate playback, the playlist, and the database. It is not a full-featured music player program such as Amarok, but its clients serve a similar role.

MPD uses a text file as a database in which to maintain the basic music file information when it is not running. Once the daemon is started, the database is kept completely in-memory and no hard disk access is necessary to look up or search for local audio files. Usually, music files must be below the music root directory and are only added to the database when the update command is sent to the server. Playback of arbitrary files is only allowed for local clients which are connected to the server via Unix Domain Sockets. MPD does not provide a built-in tag editor, this functionality is handled by clients or external programs, though 3rd party patches do exist to add this functionality to the server[1].

The client/server architecture provides several advantages over all-inclusive music players. Clients may communicate with the server remotely over an intranet or over the Internet. The server can be a headless computer located anywhere on the network. Music playback can continue seamlessly when not using X or restarting X. Different clients can be used for different purposes - a lightweight client left open all the time for controlling playback with a more fully-featured client used for intensive database searches. Several clients can use the same database, even running simultaneously remotely or under different user accounts.

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About Hugo Repetto

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution that offers an operating system predominantly focused on desktop computers but also provides support for servers. Based on Debian GNU / Linux, Ubuntu focuses on ease of use, freedom in usage restriction, regular releases (every 6 months) and ease of installation.
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