Ubuntu is composed of many software packages, the vast majority of which are distributed under a free software license. The only exceptions are some proprietary hardware drivers.The main license used is the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) which, along with the GNU Lesser General Public License (GNU LGPL), explicitly declares that users are free to run, copy, distribute, study, change, develop and improve the software. On the other hand, there is also proprietary software available that can run on Ubuntu. Ubuntu focuses on usability, security and stability. The Ubiquity installer allows Ubuntu to be installed to the hard disk from within the Live CD environment, without the need for restarting the computer prior to installation. Ubuntu also emphasizes accessibility and internationalization to reach as many people as possible.

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KDE Plasma and Unity Gnome Comparison.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Disclaimers.
  • This is not, by any means a comprehensive look at the differences between KDE Plasma and Unity Gnome, but it should give new users a small taste of the two desktop environments' different strengths and weaknesses and their philosophical approaches to usability.
  • The focus is particularly on Ubuntu and Kubuntu, but aspects of this comparison can apply to other Linux distributions as well.
  • Since this is not a comprehensive look at the differences between KDE and the various versions of Gnome (Gnome 2, Gnome 3, Unity), you should just pick one arbitrarily based on what's presented here... or you should just try both and see which one you like better.
  • The screenshots of this are from Ubuntu and Kubuntu 12.04. Later versions of Ubuntu and Kubuntu may change slightly in appearance or behavior, but a lot of the general principles will likely remain the same.
  • For advanced Linux users, who are not really the target audience for this page anyway: I don't want to go into the details about the differences between Gnome 2, Gnome 3, and Unity. Unity is a type of Gnome, and for new users of Ubuntu who have very little Linux experience, adding in more details just confuses them. Please do not tell me Unity is not Gnome. For a new-to-Linux audience, this comparison will still help people orient themselves to basic differences between Gnome and KDE, particularly as pertains to choosing between Ubuntu and Kubuntu. Most of the comparisons are beyond the background interface anyway (the file manager in Unity, for example is still Nautilus).

gnome_vs_kdeDefault Look. When you look at the default setup of Unity Gnome and KDE Plasma in Ubuntu, their differences are mainly cosmetic.

KDE by default (this can be changed) favors blue and grey, has one toolbar at the bottom of the screen, and has one main menu.

Gnome by default (this can also be changed) favors dark grey and purple, has a toolbar at the top and then a pop-out dock (when you hover over it with your mouse) on the left with some large icons.

 

You should not select your desktop environment based on its default color. Gnome can just as easily favor blue, and KDE can be made to be orange. Both can be any color you want.

 

Menu Navigation.

In KDE, there is Kickoff (what used to be called the KMenu), through which you access all programs. There are some quick-access shortcuts and then options to go through Applications and a bunch of submenus to find what you're looking for.

Beginning in Ubuntu 11.04 and continuing in 11.10 and 12.04, Gnome doesn't have menus for navigating through applications. Instead, you click the main button (or press the Windows/Super key) and just start typing what you're looking for.

     Renaming Files.

In both KDE and Gnome, you rename a file (just as you would in Windows) with the F2 key. The renaming happens in a pop-up window, which you can confirm or cancel when you're done.

 

KDE also defaults to a single-click instead of double-click for opening files. So if you stick with the single-click, you'll have to hold down Control while selecting the file so that you just select the file and don't open it.

In Gnome, renaming a file also focuses on the main file name, but it does so inline and not with a pop-up window.

 

File Browser Preferences.

KDE has a reputation for having confusing menus and options. I tend to think of it as just a different approach. In the file browser preferences, for example, you see six main options and then a lot of minor options in each submenu.

In Gnome's file browser preferences, you see five tabs with a bunch of options underneath each one. Even though there are more options in Gnome in this case, many Gnome advocates consider Gnome simpler and less confusing. Again, I think of it as just two different approaches and a matter of preference.

     System Preferences.

KDE has a System Settings central location for configuring system preferences. This can be accessed through Kickoff. And, despite KDE's reputation for being more Windows-like than Gnome, you can see the layout here is actually quite similar to Mac OS X's System Preferences window.

Ubuntu's Gnome has also recently adopted an OS X–like System Settings window. Unlike the KDE one, which is sprawled all over the place, the new Gnome one seems evenly spaced and less cluttered.

 

More Options.

While I do sometimes defend KDE against its reputation for being complicated, there are other times I have to admit the reputation is well-earned. Take a look at this dialogue for configuring screens. Considering how much screen space the submenu takes up, it seems weird to divvy it up into three subsections.

And this is an example of how Gnome has earned a reputation for being simple.

     Changes.

In KDE, usually when you make a change, you have to click Apply or Save to get the changes to stick. This again is part of how it's earned its reputation for being more Windows-like.

In Gnome, changes usually take effect as you are choosing the new option.

     Panel Options. Yeah, it's a random option, but it's a popular one.

Once again, I usually defend KDE, but in this case, I can't make much sense out of the configuration options for panels. It used to be so simple (in older versions of KDE) to change it so the panel was on the top instead of the bottom. It is now mysteriously called screen edge.

Of course, now I can't defend Gnome either, since with the new Unity interface, you can't really customize the panel at all. Right-clicking does all of nothing. There doesn't seem to be an easy way to move the toolbar or change which widgets are on it. Gnome 2 and Gnome 3, fortunately, have a bit more configuration options.

     Exiting.

In KDE, if you want to exit, you click on Kickoff and select Leave and then the next option. After you decide to shutdown, then you confirm you want to shut down.

In Gnome, there's a little icon to click to get the shutdown option. You click it, and you also confirm you want to shut down.

 

Summary.

Generally, KDE focuses on offering as many features as possible with as many graphical ways as possible for configuring those features. Fans of KDE highlight the functionality it has. Critics of KDE say the menus are too confusing.

 

Gnome, on the other hand, opts for simplicity and often hides certain configurations in order to achieve that simplicity. Fans of Gnome think the simplicity of Gnome offers a cleanliness that allows the user to get stuff done. Critics of Gnome think it just lacks certain functionality.

 

Once again, this comparison touches on only the surface of the differences and similarities between Gnome and KDE. As you can see, both offer more or less the same functionality. It's up to you to pick the desktop environment that works for you.

 

You may have glanced at this page and thought, "Well, gee, the differences look very cosmetic. I don't know which one to pick." The good news, though, is that you don't have to pick. You can have both installed together and switch back and forth whenever you feel like it.

If you liked this article, subscribe to the feed by clicking the image below to keep informed about new contents of the blog:

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How to install KDE on Ubuntu.

Sunday, August 16, 2015

Ubuntu's default desktop environment is Gnome Unity. Sometimes people using Ubuntu want to try out KDE as well, though.

 

Warning: having KDE and Gnome together means you'll have cluttered application menus full of KDE applications and Gnome applications.

 

There may be other minor integration issues, but none should impact functionality, and you can find help for those on the Ubuntu Forums.

 

Even though these instructions are for KDE, the same principle applies for adding Gnome to Kubuntu or XFCE to Kubuntu or Ubuntu. Basically, you install the desktop environment, log out, and choose the desktop environment.

How-to-Install-KDE-SC-4-7-on-Ubuntu-11-04-2

How to install proprietary drivers in Ubuntu.

Most of the time, Ubuntu will automatically have drivers available (via the Linux kernel) for your computer's hardware (sound card, wireless card, graphics card, etc.).

 

However, Ubuntu doesn't include proprietary drivers in a default installation for a number of reasons. You can read more about Ubuntu's philosophical approach to free and non-free (think freedom, not cost) software and firmware in Mark Shuttleworth's blog. Mark Shuttleworth is Ubuntu's founder and currently its primary funder.

 

New users tend to favor immediate functionality over long-term ideological gains, so if you have an proprietary graphics or wireless card, you may want to install the proprietary drivers for it.

 

Note: if you're installing a wireless driver, you will need some other kind of internet connection to do this—wired connection, USB tethering, etc.

How to install proprietary drivers in Ubuntu

How to install Xfce on Ubuntu.

Ubuntu's default desktop environment is Gnome. Sometimes people using Ubuntu want to try out Xfce as well, though.

 

Warning: having Xfce and Gnome together means you'll have cluttered application menus full of Xfce applications and Gnome applications.

 

Even though these instructions are for Xfce, the same principle applies for adding Xfce to Kubuntu or adding KDE to Ubuntu or Xubuntu. Basically, you install the desktop environment, log out, and choose the desktop environment.

 

How to install Xfce on Ubuntu

July 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Thursday, August 13, 2015

1.- Iron Knights Update – Latest Update Includes First Female Character For The Game.

Iron Knights Update – Latest Update Includes First Female Character For The Game.

Iron Knights, the free to play hack ‘n’ slash action RPG from publisher Actoz Soft has just received a brand new update. The game is known for its excellent 3D visuals and non-stop action as well as plethora of gameplay modes. To celebrate the latest update Actoz Soft has a couple of surprises in store for new as well as existing players. First up is a selection of perks and powers

Read More ... »

2.- Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Release Schedule.

Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Release Schedule.

"Wily Werewolf" is the code name for Ubuntu 15.10, scheduled for release October 2015. Freezes normally happen around 2100 UTC time of the given date. This permits those last changes to be incorporated into the nightly builds. Last minute changes need to happen before then unless otherwise indicated by release manager. Some background information and Q&A about the Ubuntu release process can be

Read More ... »

June 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Sunday, July 19, 2015

1.- Iron Knights Update – Latest Update Includes First Female Character For The Game.

Iron Knights Update – Latest Update Includes First Female Character For The Game.

Iron Knights, the free to play hack ‘n’ slash action RPG from publisher Actoz Soft has just received a brand new update.   The game is known for its excellent 3D visuals and non-stop action as well as plethora of gameplay modes.   To celebrate the latest update Actoz Soft has a couple of surprises in store for new as well as existing players.   First up is a selection of perks and powers

Read More ... »

2.- Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Release Schedule.

Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Release Schedule.

"Wily Werewolf" is the code name for Ubuntu 15.10, scheduled for release October 2015. Freezes normally happen around 2100 UTC time of the given date. This permits those last changes to be incorporated into the nightly builds. Last minute changes need to happen before then unless otherwise indicated by release manager. Some background information and Q&A about the Ubuntu release process can be

Read More ... »

Iron Knights Update – Latest Update Includes First Female Character For The Game.

Friday, July 3, 2015

Iron Knights, the free to play hack ‘n’ slash action RPG from publisher Actoz Soft has just received a brand new update.

 

The game is known for its excellent 3D visuals and non-stop action as well as plethora of gameplay modes.

 

To celebrate the latest update Actoz Soft has a couple of surprises in store for new as well as existing players.

 

First up is a selection of perks and powers being dishes out for free in the form of the “Newcomer & Welcome back package.”

ironknights-logo

Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Release Schedule.

Monday, June 22, 2015

"Wily Werewolf" is the code name for Ubuntu 15.10, scheduled for release October 2015.
  • Freezes normally happen around 2100 UTC time of the given date. This permits those last changes to be incorporated into the nightly builds. Last minute changes need to happen before then unless otherwise indicated by release manager.
  • Some background information and Q&A about the Ubuntu release process can be found on TimeBasedReleases


Ubuntu Design: Media, Pictograms and Illustration.

Media.
As much as possible, pictograms and other visual media, such as videos, illustrations and photography, should be sized so that they align with and fit within the grid columns.

Pictograms.
You can use pictograms to provide a visual summary of the content of a page or the general theme of a row.

It’s important to use them sparingly, as their overuse can make a page look heavy and unbalanced.

Pictograms can be downloaded from the Ubuntu Design site and should only be used in the Ubuntu Palette Colours.

Illustration.
The official illustrations used in www.ubuntu.com and other Ubuntu sites are commissioned and/or created by Canonical, for use in specific contexts and design material.

May 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Saturday, June 13, 2015

1.- Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player is a modern simple media player based on the GStreamer framework and written to fit well in the Xfce desktop. It is designed with simplicity, speed and resource usage in mind. Features. Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, Audio CDs, DVDs, and live streams. Parole is also extensible via plugins. Requirements.

2.- PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE was born to support my research in image processing. So I have decided to work on a usable application that can open several file formats and apply high quality filters and other enhancements to the image. Make Grayscale. Converts the image to greyscale, this calculates the luminosity of each pixel by averaging red, green and blue values. Since currently many filters work on

Cookie Policy From Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

In 2011 there was a change to European Law, which is aimed at giving website users more control over the data stored about them.

You can read more about it here http://www.ico.gov.uk/

What are cookies?


Cookies are very small text files that some websites store on your computer or mobile device when you visit them.


Cookies do lots of different jobs, like letting you navigate between pages efficiently and remembering your preferences.

We use cookies on our website to make your browsing experience better. By using this website you accept our use of cookies for the following functions.



April 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

1.- Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player is a modern simple media player based on the GStreamer framework and written to fit well in the Xfce desktop.   It is designed with simplicity, speed and resource usage in mind.   Features. Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, Audio CDs, DVDs, and live streams. Parole is also extensible via plugins.   Requirements.

2.- PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE was born to support my research in image processing. So I have decided to work on a usable application that can open several file formats and apply high quality filters and other enhancements to the image.   Make Grayscale. Converts the image to greyscale, this calculates the luminosity of each pixel by averaging red, green and blue values. Since currently many filters work on

March 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Sunday, April 12, 2015

1.- Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player is a modern simple media player based on the GStreamer framework and written to fit well in the Xfce desktop.   It is designed with simplicity, speed and resource usage in mind.   Features. Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, Audio CDs, DVDs, and live streams. Parole is also extensible via plugins.   Requirements.

2.- PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE image filtering and manipulation for GNUstep: filters.
PRICE was born to support my research in image processing. So I have decided to work on a usable application that can open several file formats and apply high quality filters and other enhancements to the image.   Make Grayscale. Converts the image to greyscale, this calculates the luminosity of each pixel by averaging red, green and blue values. Since currently many filters work on

February 2015: 10 Most Popular Posts from Ubuntuland & The Dream Valley.

Friday, March 13, 2015

1.- Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player: introduction.
Parole Media Player is a modern simple media player based on the GStreamer framework and written to fit well in the Xfce desktop.   It is designed with simplicity, speed and resource usage in mind.   Features. Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, Audio CDs, DVDs, and live streams. Parole is also extensible via plugins.   Requirements.

Parole Media Player: introduction.

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Parole Media Player is a modern simple media player based on the GStreamer framework and written to fit well in the Xfce desktop.

It is designed with simplicity, speed and resource usage in mind.

Features.
Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, Audio CDs, DVDs, and live streams. Parole is also extensible via plugins.

Requirements.
 
Build Requirements.

parole-intro

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